Monticello, Virginia American president, philosopher, and statesman The American philosopher and statesman Thomas Jefferson was the first secretary of state, the second vice president, and the third president of the United States. As president, Jefferson successfully negotiated, or bargained for the terms of, the Louisiana Purchase, which nearly doubled the country's size. A man of broad interests and activity, Jefferson remains an inspiration, for both his political accomplishments and his vision for America.
The document's social and political ideals were proposed by Jefferson before the inauguration of Washington.
He was inspired by the Enlightenment ideals of the sanctity of the individual, as well as by the writings of Locke and Montesquieu.
The committee initially thought that Adams should write the document, but Adams persuaded the committee to choose Jefferson.
He drafted bills in three years, including laws to streamline the judicial system. Jefferson's proposed statutes provided for general education, which he considered the basis of "republican government".
He took the lead in abolishing what he called "feudal and unnatural distinctions. The entail laws made it perpetual: As a result, increasingly large plantations, worked by white tenant farmers and by black slaves, gained in size and wealth and political power in the eastern "Tidewater" tobacco areas.
Jefferson escaped to Poplar Foresthis plantation to the west. A second daughter of that name was born the following year, but she died at age three.
Jefferson included his written responses in a book, Notes on the State of Virginia Jefferson included extensive data about the state's natural resources and economy, and wrote at length about slavery, miscegenationand his belief that blacks and whites could not live together as free people in one society because of justified resentments of the enslaved.
Peterson described it as an accomplishment for which all Americans should be grateful. He was a member of the committee setting foreign exchange rates and recommended an American currency based on the decimal system which was adopted.
Jefferson was the principal author of the Land Ordinance ofwhereby Virginia ceded to the national government the vast area that it claimed northwest of the Ohio River. He insisted that this territory should not be used as colonial territory by any of the thirteen states, but that it should be divided into sections which could become states.
He plotted borders for nine new states in their initial stages and wrote an ordinance banning slavery in all the nation's territories. Congress made extensive revisions, including rejection of the ban on slavery. No man can replace him. Inhe met and fell in love with Maria Coswayan accomplished—and married—Italian-English musician of They saw each other frequently over a period of six weeks.
She returned to Great Britain, but they maintained a lifelong correspondence. Jefferson had taken her older brother James Hemings to Paris as part of his domestic staff, and had him trained in French cuisine. He was in Paris during the storming of the Bastille  and consulted with Lafayette while the latter drafted the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen.
Jefferson opposed a national debt, preferring that each state retire its own, in contrast to Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamiltonwho desired consolidation of various states' debts by the federal government.
Jefferson later left the cabinet voluntarily; Washington never forgave him, and never spoke to him again. Hamilton favored a capital close to the major commercial centers of the Northeast, while Washington, Jefferson, and other agrarians wanted it located to the south.Jon Meacham received the Pulitzer Prize for his biography of Andrew Jackson, American metin2sell.com is also the author of the New York Times bestsellers Thomas Jefferson: The Art of Power, American Gospel, and Franklin and metin2sell.comm, who teaches at Vanderbilt University and at The University of the South, is a fellow of the Society of American Historians.
A gripping portrait of the first president of the United States from the author of Alexander Hamilton, the New York Times bestselling biography that inspired the musical. Celebrated biographer Ron Chernow provides a richly nuanced portrait of the father of our nation and the first president of the United States.
The American philosopher and statesman Thomas Jefferson was the first secretary of state, the second vice president, and the third president of the United States. Thomas Jefferson (April 13, [O.S. April 2] – July 4, ) was an American Founding Father who was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence and later served as the third president of the United States from to Oct 29, · Watch video · Thomas Jefferson (), author of the Declaration of Independence and the third U.S.
president, was a leading figure in America’s early development. During the American Revolutionary War. Thomas Jefferson, a spokesman for democracy, was an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (), and the third President of the United States (