Most women were engaged in supplying the troops with food, clothing, medical supplies, and even money through fundraising. Others, following in the footsteps of Florence Nightingale who pioneered the institution of professional nursing in the Crimean War, took to directly caring for the wounded, treating the sick and ensuring the health of the troops.
Overview Union flag In the presidential electionRepublicansled by Abraham Lincolnsupported banning slavery in all the U. The Southern states viewed this as a violation of their constitutional rights and as the first step in a grander Republican plan to eventually abolish slavery.
Republican Lincoln's votes centered in the north, Democrat Stephen A. Douglas ' votes were distributed nationally and Constitutional Unionist John Bell 's votes centered in TennesseeKentuckyand Virginia.
The Republican Party, dominant in the North, secured a plurality of the popular votes and a majority of the electoral votes nationally, thus Lincoln was constitutionally elected president. He was the first Republican Party candidate to win the presidency. However, before his inaugurationseven slave states with cotton -based economies declared secession and formed the Confederacy.
The first six to declare secession had the highest proportions of slaves in their populations, with a total of 49 percent. Confederate Army flag Eight remaining slave states continued to reject calls for secession. Outgoing Democratic President James Buchanan and the incoming Republicans rejected secession as illegal.
Lincoln's March 4,inaugural address declared that his administration would not initiate a civil war. Speaking directly to the "Southern States", he attempted to calm their fears of any threats to slavery, reaffirming, "I have no purpose, directly or indirectly to interfere with the institution of slavery in the United States where it exists.
I believe I have no lawful right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so. The Confederates assumed that European countries were so dependent on " King Cotton " that they would intervene, but none did, and none recognized the new Confederate States of America.
Hostilities began on April 12,when Confederate forces fired upon Fort Sumter. While in the Western Theater the Union made significant permanent gains, in the Eastern Theaterthe battle was inconclusive from — Later, inLincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamationwhich made ending slavery a war goal.
InRobert E. Lee 's Confederate incursion north ended at the Battle of Gettysburg.
Western successes led to Ulysses S. Grant 's command of all Union armies in Inflicting an ever-tightening naval blockade of Confederate ports, the Union marshaled the resources and manpower to attack the Confederacy from all directions, leading to the fall of Atlanta to William T.
Sherman and his march to the sea. The last significant battles raged around the Siege of Petersburg. Lee's escape attempt ended with his surrender at Appomattox Court Houseon April 9, While the military war was coming to an end, the political reintegration of the nation was to take another 12 years, known as the Reconstruction Era.
Confederate flag, the "Stars and Bars". The American Civil War was one of the earliest true industrial wars. Railroads, the telegraphsteamships and iron-clad ships, and mass-produced weapons were employed extensively.
The mobilization of civilian factories, mines, shipyards, banks, transportation and food supplies all foreshadowed the impact of industrialization in World War IWorld War II and subsequent conflicts.
It remains the deadliest war in American history.The History of Virginia begins with documentation by the first Spanish explorers to reach the area in the s, when it was occupied chiefly by Algonquian, Iroquoian, and Siouan peoples.
After a failed English attempt to colonize Virginia in the s by Walter Raleigh , permanent English colonization began in Virginia with Jamestown, Virginia, in Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the President of the United States be, and he is hereby, authorized to cause two thousand "medals of honor" to be prepared with suitable emblematic devices, and to direct that the same be presented, in the name of the Congress, to such non--commissioned officers and privates as shall.
The Civil War also created opportunities that allowed slavewomen to make the war their own. For most, this meant escaping from bondage, protecting children, and reuniting with family members whenever possible.
Women In The Civil War summary: There were many women playing important roles in the Civil War, including nurses, spies, soldiers, abolitionists, civil rights advocates and promoters of women’s suffrage.
Most women were engaged in supplying the troops with food, clothing, medical supplies, and even money through fundraising. The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States (U.S.) from to [c] The Civil War is the most studied and written about episode in U.S.
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