Korea in Its Physical and Cultural Environment Physical Setting Korea's position as a peninsula on the eastern edge of Northeast Asia has determined much of its social, political, and cultural history. Civilization on the Korean peninsula has developed in close interaction with neighboring China and other cultures on the Northeast Asian mainland, and with Japan. Topography and climate have also been important influences on Korea's historical development. The Korean peninsula is very mountainous, especially in the north.
But still, up to now, no diplomatic effort in the case of Syria proved successful. We all know that external intervention has the adverse effect of prolonging a conflict beyond its natural life span.
However, where there were multiple sides to a conflict, the success rate dropped considerably, to only a quarter. The Syrian conflict has multiple dimensions, with many parties involved.
Syria has become the theater for a battle between Sunni Arab states and Shia Iran, between the West along with its Arab and Turkish allies against so-called Islamic State, between the West and Russia, and between Turkey and the Kurds, who Ankara sees as a threat to its own territorial integrity.
What began as a conflict between Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and sections of his own people has become a wider regional struggle.
The two superpowers, the United States and Russia, are supporting different parties in the conflict, but can play a vital role in bringing a solution to the conflict through a dialogue between different parties. Together, the United States and Russia should push for negotiations that convene the regional supporters of the opposition and the regime.
A regional track is needed because the Syrian civil war has become a proxy regional war principally between Saudi Arabia and Iran, but with important roles played by Qatar, Turkey, and Iraq.
Until the main external supporters reach some sort of accommodation, they will continue to fund, arm, and otherwise give their proxies hope of victory. This unhappy dynamic played out frequently during the Cold War, lasting decades in Angola, Guatemala, and Vietnam.
The United States can nudge Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey into a more constructive role in the negotiations, and Russia might be able to do the same with Iran.
Any future peace talks for Syria should be structured in a multilayered format. Behind these powers, the Arab League, the United States and Russia had a crucial role to play as potential guarantors of any negotiated settlement.
It is also essential for the Security Council to signal its determination to punish violations of any peace agreement.
But to achieve this kind of comprehensive dialogue some preparatory measures should be undertaken.
The working groups model of the peace process should also be considered. Mistura originally envisioned four such groups that would sound out Syrian actors and there sponsors on discrete issues, instead of trying to conclude one single peace and transition deal for all of Syria.
Asia Times is not responsible for the opinions, facts or any media content presented by contributors. In case of abuse, click here to report.The second was the American policy of ending Western imperialism in Southeast Asia.
In both cases, American diplomacy had to grapple with the differing objectives . Is Obama’s diplomatic legacy in Asia about to be erased? American diplomacy in Asia – and Southeast Asia in particular – had been episodic in previous decades, often buffeted by more.
Eisenhower, however, raised the stakes in Southeast Asia when he issued his New Look foreign policy. One major aspect of the program was continuing the policy of containment in Indochina and Laos. To gain renewed support for containment in Southeast Asia, Eisenhower publicized the ' domino theory ' .
The hostility and potential for military conflict between the two heavily armed Korean states is a cause of great concern for the rest of East Asia, as well as for the United States and other countries in the world.
The Ugly American explained in graphic detail the reasons why American diplomacy was failing in Southeast Asia in the s and the reasons why communism was succeeding. As a list of events for the struggle for influence in Asia, it caused quite a diplomatic rage.
Sep 13, · American democracies were something that cannot be understood by the newly emerging leaders of the Southeast Asian states especially the former French occupied Vietnam. The failure of France diplomacy in Vietnam.
For the French government, the Author: From Gua Musang to Putrajaya.