Visit Website Did you know? The magistrates, though elected by the people, were drawn largely from the Senate, which was dominated by the patricians, or the descendants of the original senators from the time of Romulus. Politics in the early republic was marked by the long struggle between patricians and plebeians the common peoplewho eventually attained some political power through years of concessions from patricians, including their own political bodies, the tribunes, which could initiate or veto legislation.
Other laws Roman laws of Religion The religious laws tended to regulate all matters to do with consecration to the gods of public buildings, holding religious festivals and hence the dates and even seating division at the theatres where these feasts were held.
An interesting anecdote is that the priestly orders were exempt from military service except in the case where the enemy at hand were the Gauls.
Presumably the Romans held a particular fear of the Gauls on account of the early Gaulish invasion at the time of the Kings. This is not dissimilar to an existing law in Britain I am told which apparently allows the killing of Welshmen so long as it is with a long bow and in particular areas of the country.
Obviously a historical relic if not apocryphal. Some examples of Roman religious law follow: Papiria Lex — written by the Tribune L.
Papirius of the Assembly whereby no building, place or thing could be consecrated without prior permission of the Assembly of the People. Cornelia Lex — funeral expenses Sexta Licinia Lex — creating the order of the Decemviri to replace the Duumviri sacris faciundis.
Papia Lex — defining the manner in which the Vestal Virgins should be chosen. Roscius Otho, Tribune in A. Ab Urbe Condita No one worth less than four hundred Sestertia ie Equestrian rank were allowed to sit in the first fourteen rows of the Theatres.
Rights of Roman Citizens Of interest there are various editions of the early Valerian law giving the right to appeal against punishment if you had been Ancient roman laws into performing the crime. Perhaps most significantly for Rome, its class structure and its economy we note the various laws and repeals admitting and removing the right to Roman citizenship of other Italic peoples and eventually to all freeborn persons of the empire.
Roman citizenship meant privileges but also a duty to pay Roman taxes. Laws such as the Julia Lex and Cornelia Lex give betray the sort of legal aspects that the social and civil wars took.
Latin tribes which had aided this or the other party might find themselves citizens one minute and enemies the next. Gave liberty to appeal to the people and prevent punishment in case of provocation. Papia Lex de Peregrinis expelled all foreigners from Rome Servilia Lex gave citizenship to Latins who might successfully hold a law suit against a Senator.
All the citizens of the Italian states which had aided Rome should be granted Roman Citizenship. Cornelia Lex de Municipiis General Sulla, Dictator Removing the right to citizenship to those who had assisted any of his adversaries, particularly Marius, Cinna and Sulpicius.
Public Meetings and Assemblies These laws are interesting because they regulated the means by which laws, positions of government and other proposals might be voted for. Curia Lex — No voting councils could be convened without the agreement of the Senate. The Senate The laws relating to the Senate and to the Patrician class in general did much to shape the Roman economy.
For example it was deemed unworthy of the senatorial class to deal in merchandise which meant they could only really do it through the Client-Patron system.
This also meant that the Patricians heavily invested in agriculture and land which tended to result in social tension with the Plebs who were clearly of lesser means see agrarian laws. Senators had legal privileges. For example they could expect to be exiled rather than be put to death for serious crimes.
Claudia Lex — No Senator was allowed to have a ship capable of carrying more than three hundred amphorae. Sulpicia Lex — Posed a limitation on the level of indebtedness Senators were allowed.
Law regarding ancient Roman Magistrates Genutia Lex AUC — no magistrate could go for the same office within ten years of having held it the first time nor could he hold two offices within the same year. Cornelia Lex by General Cornelius Sylla, Dictator — granting honours to those who had supported his party during the social and civil wars and removing the right of those who had stood against him and were hence proscribed from holding positions in government office.
These were returned through the Aurelia Lex. Atinia Lex — That any Tribune of the people should have the same privileges as a Senator. Provinces and their Governors The governors of the Roman provinces were known to have a relatively free reign on the territory and people they controlled.
Many heavily abused their position and in only a few cases were actually punished for their wrongdoings. In reality when they were actually caught they would often be able to pay their way out of the law proceedings and make an extremely comfortable living for themselves out of the remainder of the proceeds.
Cornelia Lex — extending the mandate of a Consul in a province until such a time as he returned into Rome and was replaced rather than having to reapply for an extension.History >> Ancient Rome.
The Romans had a complex system of government and laws. Many of the basic systems and ideas that we have about laws and government today comes from Ancient Rome. Who made the laws? Laws were made a number of different ways. The primary way of making official new laws was through the Roman Assemblies.
Ancient Roman laws. Religion Rights of Roman Citizens Public Meetings and Assemblies The Senate Magistrates Laws relating to laws and Privileges Provinces and their Governors.
Any historical investigation into the lives of ancient women involves individual interpretation and much speculation. One can read the ancient sources concerned with women and their place in society, but to a large degree, they are all secondary sources that were written by men about women.
The single most important philosophy in Rome was Stoicism, which originated in Hellenistic Greece. The contents of the philosophy were particularly amenable to the Roman world view, especially since the Stoic insistence on acceptance of all situations, including adverse ones, seemed to reproduce what the Romans considered their crowning achievement: virtus, or "manliness," or "toughness.".
Roman law, as revealed through ancient legal texts, literature, papyri, wax tablets and inscriptions, covered such facets of everyday Roman life as crime and punishment, land and property ownership, commerce, the maritime and agricultural industries, citizenship, sexuality and prostitution, slavery and manumission, local and state politics, liability and damage to property, and the preservation of the peace.
The Ancient Roman Republic Government. The government of Ancient Rome consisted of three branches. These branches were: the magistrates, senate, and the assemblies and tribunes.