The stages of development are the same for every child. Although the pattern of development is the same for every child, the rate of development is different for every child because every child is unique and their development is influenced by various factors listed below.
We will write a custom essay sample on Cyp 3. Piaget made vast contributions to the direction, meaning and understanding of contemporary constructivism.
Piaget recognised that children must be self-initiated and actively involved in Cyp 3 1 theorists watson activities. A current application of this concept today can be found, many of the national curriculum material include interactive activities and even educational software for the child to engage in self-controlled learning.
Another well known, and perhaps one of the most controversial theorists to date, is Sigmund Freud. Psychoanalytic theories of development began with the work of Freud, who believed that early childhood experiences had a lasting effect on further development of the individual thus having a lasting influence over the way children are educated today and the psychology behind the way this is executed.
For example, early education through play, making it both an enjoyable and positive experience for children.
Abraham Maslow developed a humanistic theory that has influenced education. Humanists do not believe that human beings are pushed and pulled by mechanical forces, either of stimuli and reinforcements behaviorism or of unconscious instinctual impulses psychoanalysis.
Humanists focus upon potentials, they believe that individuals strive for an upper level of capabilities and seek the frontiers of creativity, the highest reaches of consciousness and wisdom.
Maslow believes that the only reason that an individual would not move well in the direction of self-actualisation is because of hindrances placed in their way by society.
He states that education is one of these hindrances, he recommends ways education can switch from its usual person-stunting tactics to person-growing approaches. The frameworks for current practice are mainly based around an holistic approach. It collaborates education with all other areas involved in how a child develops.
Albert Bandura plays a major part in holistic development today; he is thought to be one of the most influential theorists of current education, with his social learning theory which believes people learn new behaviour through observational learning of the social factors in their environment.
For example, if people observe positive, desired outcomes, then they are more likely to model, imitate and adopt the behaviour themselves.
Teachers now understand the importance of providing a professional, positive role model for children to look up to. Operant conditioning is maintained by its consequences of reinforcement and punishment, both positive and negative. For example, Skinner explained motivation in terms of deprivation and reinforcement schedules therefore perant conditioning has been widely applied within teaching with the use of positive reinforcement particularly for motivation and classroom management.
Teachers are able to apply classical conditioning in the class by creating a positive classroom environment to help children overcome anxiety or fear.
Pairing an anxiety-provoking situation, such as performing in front of a group, with pleasant surroundings helps the child learn new associations. Instead of feeling anxious and tense in these situations, the child will learn to stay relaxed and calm. This essay is not exhaustive of the many theories which have enriched education and the way it is currently practiced but merely gives an overview of some of the leading theorists that are utilised within schools today.CYP Understand child and young people’s development Task 1 – CYP Write down your understanding of the following in the table Term Meaning 1.
Aspects of child development There are 5 key aspects of child development: Physical – gross and fine motor skills. Nov 14, · CYP Essay.
November 14, February 2, Gladys Briggs. Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years Theorists such as John Watson, B.F. Skinner, and Albert Bandura contributed greatly to the behaviourist perspective of development. Behaviourists believe the child’s.
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CYP Understand child and young person's development Level 3 Children & Young People's Workforce. Aspects of children' development: Theories of development and frameworks to support.
CYP Understand child and young person development Over to YOU! Find out a little more about the learning theories of Freud, Bandura, Maslow, Skinner and Watson. development Task 2 theorists, Cache Level 3 CYP pc Explain how children and young people’s development is influenced by a range of personal factors.
A child is influenced by a range of Personal factors such as: Influences before and at birth eg. CYP Understand child and young person development Over to YOU!
Find out a little more about the learning theories of Freud, Bandura, Maslow, Skinner and Watson.