This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background Indigenous Australians have high rates of diabetes and its complications.
Why are Indigenous Australians at greater risk of diabetes? In Australia, the rising number of people affected by type 2 diabetes is most likely driven by increasing rates of obesity, decreased rates of physical activity, dietary changes and an ageing population.
There is no evidence to show that Aboriginal people had diabetes, or other conditions affected by lifestyle such as heart and blood vessel disease, obesity or high blood pressure, when they lived a traditional lifestyle.
Diabetes rates in Australia are high but its prevalence in the Indigenous population is between three and four times higher than the rest of the population. And we are fast running out of time to. Jan 13, · Type 2 diabetes represents a major public health problem for Indigenous Australians with a much earlier age of onset and the risk of developing diabetes related complications resulting in a. Indigenous Australians are 3 times more likely to have type 2 diabetes compared to non-Indigenous Australians. This number of people with diabetes is even higher for those Indigenous Australians living in remote areas.
Research suggests that the metabolism of Indigenous Australians has been geared towards making them efficient hunter-gatherers, which was vital for a successful traditional lifestyle.
The genetic make-up that enabled Indigenous people to survive when food was scarce may now be a big disadvantage, promoting weight increases, diabetes, and associated conditions such as high blood pressure and heart disease.
Research has shown that Aboriginal people who live a Westernised lifestyle have high rates of obesity, impaired glucose tolerance, high blood pressure, high levels of triglycerides fats in the blood, and excessively high insulin levels in the blood.
So, the combination of a genetic predisposition and an unhealthy lifestyle contributes to the high rates of type 2 diabetes in Indigenous Australians. What can be done for Indigenous people with diabetes? Treatment of type 2 diabetes involves lifestyle modification weight loss, dietary changes, increasing physical activitymonitoring blood glucose and, if necessary, medicines to help keep blood sugar under control oral hypoglycaemic medicines or, in some cases, insulin injections.
Treatment also involves regular screening for complications of diabetes.
Of course, the successful prevention and management of diabetes in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities encompasses a wider picture, in which economic and social factors and political intervention all play a part.
However, given that a Westernised lifestyle is a big contributor to the development of type 2 diabetes, evidence has shown that adopting the beneficial aspects of the traditional lifestyle can help improve the health of people with diabetes, and could help prevent the development of diabetes in those at risk.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Program. Diabetes in Australia updated 15 Oct Australian Indigenous Health InfoNet. Review of diabetes among Indigenous peoples.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.
Type 2 diabetes in young Indigenous Australians in rural and remote areas: Related Articles Type 2 diabetes usually begins with insulin resistance and often goes hand in hand with obesity, hig Advertisement.Diabetes in Indigenous Australians Type 2 diabetes is the fastest growing chronic disease in Australia.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are at higher risk of type 2 diabetes than the general population. Indigenous Australians are 3 times more likely to have type 2 diabetes compared to non-Indigenous Australians.
This number of people with diabetes is even higher for . Diabetes (diabetes mellitus) is a disease that leads to high levels of glucose in the blood ref=Diabetes occurs when a person is no longer able to produce their own insulin (a hormone made by the pancreas) to control blood glucose levels or when the body is longer able use insulin effectively, or both.
Rates of diabetes are generally higher among males, the elderly, Indigenous Australians and people living in remote and socioeconomically disadvantaged areas. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form, and is largely preventable by maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
Diabetes 3 to 4-fold 11% incidence of type 2 diabetes in Indigenous Australians, 3% in non-Indigenous population. 18% of total indigenous deaths: Cot death 2 to 3-fold Over the period –, in Queensland, Western Australia, South . Diabetes rates in Australia are high but its prevalence in the Indigenous population is between three and four times higher than the rest of the population.
And we are fast running out of time to.