Particularly in modern Westernized countries, models, the media and dieting fads currently influence women and girls to be as thin as possible. Sociologists studying the development of eating disorders across time have noted that the ideals of beauty have changed and that thinness wasn't always considered attractive. Until the 's, curvy and plump bodies were the accepted body type. Now, an average US child watches hours of television per week and is thus bombarded with approximately 30, television commercials each year.
Some argue that the eating disorder is a culture-bound syndrome specific to the Western, industrialized world, while others maintain that there is evidence that the disease is not confined to more recent times or one part of the world.
Whether or not anorexia nervosa AN and bulimia nervosa BN existed before this time hinges on a crucial factor, argues Tilmann Habermas: The fasting medieval saints have been part of the discussion surrounding whether AN emerged more recently or has been present throughout the centuries.
While self-starvation criteria is met, fat-phobia is often missing in these cases. Habermas distinguished cases of inedia among fasting religious ascetics from AN as we know it in modern times: Girls with AN, in contrast, try to make believe they are eating normally, and provide a variety of medical, somatic, or aesthetic reasons not to eat.
Another study found that anorexics modified their religious practices after the onset of AN, with decreased participation in communion or feasts and increased religious fasting.
Habermas therefore suggests that intense religiosity and AN need not be mutually exclusive, however many of the religious ascetics did not meet the DSM-IV criteria for AN.
Change in Incidence, or Change in Documentation? The late 19th century produced abundant medical literature on AN cases, leading to the question of whether the incidence of AN actually increased at that time, or whether the clinical documentation that accompanied the emergence of psychiatry in France led to increased notice of cases in conjunction with what was otherwise a stable incidence rate.
Cases of AN motivated by fear of weight gain were recorded in Russia in the late s, as well as in Italy. However, a change in primary sources around this time also occurred, with cases recorded by physicians in the context of medicine rather than by religious sources.
The medical literature of the latter half of the 19th century describes French school girls drinking vinegar and limiting food intake for aesthetic purposes, an emaciated Queen Elizabeth of Austria, obsessed with exercise and food restriction, motivated by a fear of growing fat.
In the early s, some physicians associated corseting with AN. They note a study on the Caribbean island Curacao in which no cases were found among the black population, while incidence rates among white and mixed-race residents where comparable to those found in the U.
Other eating disorders, such as binge eating, have been associated with migration from Mexico to the U. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 11 4 On the uses of history in psychiatry: Culture-bound syndromes in mental health: Journal of psychiatric and mental health nursing, 20 4PMID: Epidemiology of eating disorders: Current psychiatry reports, 14 4PMID:Read this essay on Essay on Eating Disorders.
Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays. Eating disorders are complex diseases and not just conditions that can be treated with willpower, all eating disorders are all primary mental health diseases.
I believe that western culture leads women’s eating disorders. Eating Disorders: Anorexia Nervosa Essay - The author of this article, Dr. Austin, is with the Department of Society, Human Development, and Health of Harvard School of Public Health.
To conclude this essay eating disorders are a big deal and they can be very dangerous, even deadly. They are not an easy thing to deal with, have, or get over but there is help. All three disorders, bulimia, anorexia, and compulsive overeating, can be made easier if you take the right steps.
Is Anorexia a Modern, Culture-Bound Disorder? by Lindsay Myers, MBA, MPH Universality vs. the Globalization of Eating Disorders Whether AN is a Western phenomenon, or found throughout the world has also been debated.
know as AN may not have been present prior to the mid or late s.
Alternately, AN may have been present, but cultural. Sep 27, · However, focusing on purported cultural "causes" of eating disorders leaves out the much bigger, more multifaceted picture of what these disorders are.
Eating disorders result from a complex interplay between genes and environment; it's not just culture. Yet most media coverage of eating disorders focuses on these types of .
Risk factors of this disease include genes and hormones, paying too much attention to weight and shape, having an anxiety disorder as a child, having a negative self-image, having eating problems during infancy, having social or cultural ideas about health and beauty, or trying to .