Click here to read the first post in the series. In recent years, many schools have raised the bar on writing instruction.
The racist myth of the 'physical' African football team Racist tropes continue to dominate white commentary of global football events. I have been following the kind of language white pundits use during FIFA World Cups and Olympic Games for years, so I am well aware to their fascination with and ridicule of the black body.
Sugar's colonial mindset saw the Senegalese team as people selling sunglasses on beaches, not as world-class players who deserve praise for their success. Sugar's statement demonstrates the implicit prejudice that often surfaces in Western media discussions about African players.
That Sugar and many of his supporters initially did not see the racism in his tweet and tried to play it down as a "joke" confirms the latent bigotry that haunts football and how media covers it. But beyond Sugar's raw racism, there are all kinds of "veiled" racist discourses that dominate the language white commentators use during football matches.
My favourite is their widely normalised assumption that African teams are always the "physical" and never the "tactical" side. When Senegal faced Poland in their first World Cup appearance since earlier this month, the same assumption was repeated. Ahead of his team's June 24 match against Senegal, Japan's coach Akira Nishino said "[Against Senegal] rather than physicality, we have to use our brain to come up with some tactics and strategies.
Thanks to roseveleth for this Already chalked off a few before kick off!
A similar "bingo card" could also be made with words and expressions used to describe white football teams; they are always "tactical", "strategic", "disciplined", "creative", etc. Recall the commentary surrounding Iceland's unexpected draw against Argentina.
At that instance - unlike Senegal vs Poland - the underdog's success was not explained away by Icelandic players "physicality" or "energy". Of course, a "white team" can also be described as "physical" at times, but only when it has many black players think of the French national team at the and World Cups.
Some may say that the context in which "a physical African side" is mooted may be flattering. It doesn't matter whether Paul Pogba produces moments of tactical brilliance as he plays for the French national team or Manchester United.
The obvious reality is that football pitches or Olympic stadiums are not only venues for sports competition, but also a space where power relations play out, with white commentators serving mostly as biased arbiters.
Instead, their victories are almost always explained by a romanticised notion of "physical endurance".
By not challenging and questioning this language, its hegemony is consolidated and normalised. But to reduce only the black athlete to their physicality in media discourse is simply racist.
African and black sportsmen are more than their bodies. The coverage of black bodies and the discourses around them require an urgent rewriting. The views expressed in this article are the author's own and do not necessarily reflect Al Jazeera's editorial stance.Delta (Diploma in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages) is an English language teaching (ELT) qualification for experienced Teachers of English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) and Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL).
Commentary Commentary: No, you can’t replace libraries with Amazon stores The notion that for-profit businesses can replace libraries misunderstands the role they play. "A very clever piece of advertising aimed at making the viewer look at the wider picture. Played out in black and white, a skinhead turns on a street corner and runs at speed towards a man with a briefcase.
Improve listening skills by transcribing. English learners can improve their listening skills by transcribing spoken English.
That advice comes from Pascal Hamon, the Academic Director for the English Language Institute at Missouri State University. Jun 07, · The Times Topics pages on Grammar, the English Language and Language and Languages. Reviews of books on English language grammar and usage, such as this one.
Brad Reitz contributed to an earlier version of this list, which appeared on our old site. Once the data has been collected and analysed, the linguists at Lancaster will be writing an article for the English and Media Centre's emagazine, which will take a look at how the corpus is tracking changing language and what the data tells us about the directions the English language is taking.