A Complex, Multi-dimensional Process The process of radicalization leading to violence follows a nonlinear, non-predetermined path, shaped by multiple factors—personal and collective, social and psychological. No single element suffices, in and of itself, to explain the radicalization of an individual or group of individuals. Radicalization that leads to violence rarely takes the form of a sudden or abrupt change but rather of a complex social change that operates on several different levels, as shown in the diagram below.
Print this page Apartheid Despite years of anti-Semitic rhetoric, when Adolf Hitler and the The radicalisation process first came to power in Germany in Januarythey had few concrete policies for dealing with the Jews.
During his first years in office Hitler concentrated on destroying his political enemies, improving the economy, and rebuilding German power.
Hitler was also aware that foreign opinion and trade might be adversely affected by harsh persecution of the Jews. He did not, however, ignore pressure from the anti-Jewish elements in the Party and the SA the Sturm Abteilung or storm troopers - the party militia.
In April he permitted an organised boycott of Jewish businesses and his government enacted a string of laws that gradually excluded the Jews from government employment and public life. Under the Nuremberg Laws of German Jews were reduced to subject status and lost the rights of citizens.
Germany became, in effect, an apartheid state. However, Jews who had fought in the war were excluded from discriminatory measures for as long as Field Marshall Paul von Hindenburg was President.
Hindenburg had led Germany during the war, and felt a sense of obligation to Jewish veterans. When he died inand Hitler became head of state, this restraint was removed.
As a consequence,the year of the Berlin Olympics, when there were many foreign visitors in Germany, was notably 'quiet' for German Jews.
The economy was strong and he was popular. He now embarked on an expansionist foreign policy. Expansionism helped to radicalise the treatment of the Jews. In MarchHitler ordered the occupation of Austria, and a wave of anti-Semitic violence descended upon Austrian Jews.
As part of the process of gearing the German economy for war, Hitler sanctioned semi-legal measures to seize the businesses and assets of German and Austrian Jews - a process called 'Aryanisation'. It became Nazi policy to 'solve the Jewish question' by emigration, forcing the pace by the use of terror.
Following the annexation of the Czechoslovakian borderlands, Hitler permitted his propaganda chief Joseph Goebbels to incite a huge pogrom against Jews in the Reich supposedly in revenge for the assassination of a German consular official in Paris by a Jew.
On Novemberhundreds of synagogues were burned down, thousands of Jewish homes and stores were ransacked, around 30, Jewish men were sent to concentration camps, and more than 90 were murdered.
The November pogrom, dubbed Kristallnacht, or the 'Night of Broken Glass', by the Nazis, represented a significant radicalisation of attitudes towards the Jews. Few top Nazis were involved in organising Kristallnacht, and several were annoyed at the disruption it caused. But all noted that the German population did not object - instead it seemed to take the role of spectator.
Another important consequence of the pogrom was that the SS security apparatus, the Gestapo secret policethe SD Sicherheitsdienst or security service and the SS asserted its leadership of anti-Jewish policy.
Heinrich Himmler and Reinhard Heydrich, who controlled the SS, complained that the violence did nothing to 'cleanse' the Reich of Jews. Instead, they suggested there should be a concerted effort to make Jews emigrate. While war removed the need to worry about international opinion, it diminished the opportunities for Jewish emigration - just when the conquest of Poland added 1.
The Polish Jews were soon afflicted by mass starvation and disease. Occupied Poland, though, did offer a radical alternative. In latethe Nazi leadership considered using the area around Lublin as a 'Jewish reservation'.
Adolf Eichmann, an SS officer running emigration offices in Vienna, Prague and Berlin, was tasked with organising the first deportation of Jews from Austria and the Czech lands to Poland.
Eichmann later described the 'Nisko project' as the first of several attempts to find a 'territorial solution' to the 'Jewish question'. It failed, however, because the Nazis had other priorities.
In the meantime, Heydrich decreed that Polish Jews should be concentrated in towns and cities prior to being removed. They were stripped of their rights and property, denied work except forced labour for the Germansand crammed into the worst slum districts.
To prevent the spread of epidemics the Nazi authorities built walls around the Jewish districts - and thus the ghettos were created. But this was a temporary measure and more a case of desperation than design.Because counter-radicalization or deradicalization programs are embedded in a war of ideas, the counter-ideological component of these programs is extremely important.
It is important to understand what the radicalisation process looks like, in order for families, friends and communities to help prevent acts of violent extremism.
Defining Online Radicalization Online radicalization to violence is the process by which an individual is introduced to an ideological message and belief system that. Report your concerns about a child or young person. If you're worried about a child or young person and think they may be a victim of neglect, abuse or cruelty, contact your local Children's Social Care office - please see the links below. The process of radicalization leading to violence follows a nonlinear, non-predetermined path, shaped by multiple factors—personal and collective, social and psychological. No single element suffices, in and of itself, to explain the radicalization of an individual or group of individuals.
The radicalisation process. There is no single pathway of radicalisation towards violent extremism, as the process is unique to each person. school leaders, school staff and governing bodies in all local-authority-maintained schools, academies and free schools owners, governors and staff in all independent schools owners, managers and.
In order to register for your free training please select your Location. The Radicalization Process is an original performance by The Hinterlands, created and performed by Richard Newman, Liza Bielby, and Dave Sanders.
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Live scoring by Richard Newman. This is introductory training. It will provide an important foundation on which to develop further knowledge around the risks of radicalisation and the role that you can play in supporting those at risk.