Hand out large sheets of paper 11 x 17 for making a timeline. On the board, model the design and measurements for the timeline.
The Abbasids claimed to be the true successors of Prophet Muhammad in replacing the Umayyad descendants of Banu Umayya by virtue of their closer bloodline to Muhammad. The Abbasids also distinguished themselves from the Umayyads by attacking their moral character and administration in general.
According to Ira Lapidus"The Abbasid revolt was supported largely by Arabs, mainly the aggrieved settlers of Merv with the addition of the Yemeni faction and their Mawali ". During the reign of Marwan IIthis opposition culminated in the rebellion of Ibrahim the Imam, the fourth in descent from Abbas.
On 9 June 15 Ramadan AHAbu Muslimrising from Khorasan, successfully initiated an open revolt against Umayyad rule, which was carried out under the sign of the Black Standard.
The remainder of his family, barring one male, were also eliminated. As-Saffah focused on putting down numerous rebellions in Syria and Mesopotamia. The Byzantines conducted raids during these early distractions. The round plan reflects pre-Islamic Persian urban design.
This was to both appease as well to be closer to the Persian mawali support base that existed in this region more influenced by Persian history and culture, and part of the Persian mawali demand for less Arab dominance in the empire. Baghdad was established on the Tigris River in A new position, that of the vizierwas also established to delegate central authority, and even greater authority was delegated to local emirs.
While this helped integrate Arab and Persian cultures, it alienated many of their Arab supporters, particularly the Khorasanian Arabs who had supported them in their battles against the Umayyads. These fissures in their support led to immediate problems.
The Umayyads, while out of power, were not destroyed. The only surviving member of the Umayyad royal family, which had been all but annihilated, ultimately made his way to Spain where he established himself as an independent Emir Abd ar-Rahman I Abbasid Golden Age — [ edit ] Harun al-Rashid receiving a delegation sent by Charlemagne at his court in Baghdad.
The Abbasid leadership had to work hard in the last half of the 8th century —under several competent caliphs and their viziers to overcome the political challenges created by the far flung nature of the empire, and the limited communication across it and usher in the administrative changes needed to keep order.
These attacks pushed into the Taurus Mountains culminating with a victory at the Battle of Krasos and the massive invasion ofled by Rashid himself. Eventually, the momentum turned and much of the land gained was lost. Rashid decided to focus on the rebellion of Rafi ibn al-Layth in Khorasan and died while there.
Harun al-Rashid turned on the Barmakidsa Persian family that had grown significantly in power within the administration of the state and killed most of the family.
The reign of al-Rashid and his sons were considered to be the apex of the Abbasids. This war ended with a two-year siege of Baghdad and the eventual death of al-Amin in He strengthened his personal army with Turkish mercenaries and promptly restarted the war with the Byzantines.
His military excursions were generally successful culminating with a resounding victory in the Sack of Amorium. His attempt at seizing Constantinople failed when his fleet was destroyed by a storm.
Al-Mutawakkil responded by sending his troops into Anatolia again, sacking and marauding until they were eventually annihilated in The Saffarids, from Khorasan, nearly seized Baghdad inand the Tulunids took control of most of Syria.
The trend of weakening of the central power and strengthening of the minor caliphates on the periphery continued. By the early 10th century, the Abbasids almost lost control of Iraq to various amirsand the caliph al-Radi was forced to acknowledge their power by creating the position of "Prince of Princes" amir al-umara.
According to the history of Miskawayhthey began distributing iqtas fiefs in the form of tax farms to their supporters. This period of localized secular control was to last nearly years. Also during this period officers started assassinating superiors with whom they disagreed, in particular the caliphs.
In the East as well, governors decreased their ties to the center.The Umayyad caliphate was promoted by the Umayyad dynasty in Syria. The dynasty which promoted the Umayyad caliphate culture had its headquarters in Damascus (Kennedy 12).
The Abbasid caliphate happened to be the third strong Islamic caliphate to come .
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Lesson 1: History of the Abbasid and Umayyad Dynasties. Download this lesson plan. Background Information: This lesson begins a 5-day unit on achievements of the Islamic Golden Age.
Students begin with a historical overview to learn the context and The timeline can be used on successive days as context for Abbasid and Spanish .
Umayyad vs. Abbasid Dynasties In the rise and spreading of the Islam religion, there were many dynasties that were similar and different in their own way. Umayyad vs.
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